The two images below are by Bill Worthington.





Gathering of the Tribes


Click on one of the above titles to go directly to another resource or the Home Page.

All who donate will receive a 23 page professional Horoscope!

To Donate by Credit Card click on the Button Below

Thank You for Whatever you can do.



Dr. Dale Griffis does not have a recognized or accredited degree.  He received his degree from a diploma mill called Columbia Pacific University, run by a Dr. Les Carr, whose property was briefly home to an illegal "north campus" of San Rafael-based Columbia Pacific University correspondence school. He says he visited the "campus" three or four times.

The state attorney general's office compelled Columbia Pacific to close down, pay civil penalties, and refund tuition fees. Carr was named in the suit as owner, dean of faculty, and the institution's chairman of the board.

Carr co-founded Columbia Pacific in 1978 to offer "non-residential" degree programs up to the Ph.D. level.


Deputy Attorney General Asher Rubin blasted the school in his complaint, calling it "a diploma mill which had been preying on California consumers for too many years." The suit also calls Columbia Pacific a "phony operation" offering "totally worthless [degrees] enrich its unprincipled promoters."

In addition to his role at Columbia Pacific, Carr was a permanent part-time psychologist for San Quentin correctional facility.

In 1994 the county discovered eight permit-less dormitories on Carr's property at 148 Wilson Hill Rd. He was cited for multiple zoning, safety, and health violations.

Dale Griffis, a Columbia Pacific graduate, and an Ohio policeman-turned-consultant on cult and occult issues, had his education ridiculed during a 1994 high-profile Arkansas murder trial.

The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette reported that Griffis provided prosecutors with such expert testimony as "occultists typically wear black clothes, black hair and fingernails, earrings, and tattoos."   Hmmmmmm.

Defense attorneys "scoffed at" Griffis' expertise and his degree, for which he traveled to San Rafael "four or five times." He was permitted to testify as to motive, but not facts of the case.

The following article appeared in The Globe and Mail, OCT, 1990


"More and more violent crime, especially killings of children, is being linked to satanic cults in the United States, a retired police captain and an expert on the subject said yesterday.  Dale Griffis, who worked as a captain with the Tiffin, Ohio, Police department and is now consulted by police forces across the United States about such cults, was speaking at a meeting on satanic cults as part of cult Awareness Week organized by the Jewish Students Union of the University of Toronto.  He said many of his friends among Ontario police officers are increasingly concerned about cults and crime.   The Satan-worshipping Process Church is known to have a cell in Ontario, he said, "More and more, (police) officers are finding satanic symbols left at the scene of crimes," Mr. Griffis, who has a PhD in psychology, told his audience of 50, mostly students.  He said statistics are hard to come by because the subject is still being researched by the Federal Burueau of Investigation's behavioral science experts.   However, he said, the following is known:  A study of 200 serial murders since 1960 shows that in 50 of them, there was some involvement of cults or religious belief;   In three Ohio counties about 500 cultist have been identified; About 70 per cent of those who join white witchcraft groups are women.

[So far, according to the FBI and the Association of Cymry Wiccae, he is wrong on all the above statistics he said "were hard to come by".  We have contacted PCCO of Ohio, one of the largest Pagan groups in Ohio who says there is actually pretty close to 2,000 Witches and Pagans in Ohio.  There are probably 7 or 8,000 members of various Christian Cults in Ohio.]

QUALIFICATIONS AS AN OCCULT EXPERT (Following information was excerpted from the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance web site)

Mr. Griffis is not qualified to be an Occult expert.   Being an Occult Expert is an unusual specialty for an expert, because most serious investigators believe that a "occult killing" has never occurred in the United States in the past twenty years. 1,2 There have been some murders by psychopathic serial murderers who claimed to be Satanists, but police investigations have shown that they were simply using Satanism as a cover and as a justification for their acts.

The text of the Arkansas Supreme Court decision in the Echols-Baldwin case contains a brief description of Dr. Griffis' testimony. 3 We believe it to be based on fantasy from a number of sources:

1.  beliefs from the 16th century about imaginary Satanic worshipers that were used to justify the Witch burnings

2.  actual practices of Wiccans and other Neopagans who Dr. Griffis associates with child sacrifices (Wicca is a gentle, Neopagan religion, similar to Native American spirituality)

3.  practices of what conservative Christians often call "the occult" in which many benign occultic practices like tarot card reading, astrology, tea-cup reading, membership in the Masonic Order etc. are linked to child abuse.

His "expert" testimony was in fact a jumble of fantasy, hoaxes, and religious intolerance. It must have adversely affected the jury by filling their minds with misinformation.

The supreme court text reads as follows, with our comments interspersed:

"Dr. Dale Griffis, an expert in occult killings, testified in the State's case-in-chief that the killings had the "trappings of occultism."

Occultism is very simply a collection of activities whose only point of similarity is that knowledge about them is not known to the public but is only released to persons in training. Other that this one common factor, they have very little (if anything) in common. The occult includes:

some religions: Satanism, Wicca and Spiritualism

many spiritual organizations (e.g. Masonic Order, Order of the Eastern Star)

By linking all of these unrelated activities together under the umbrella term "occult", Dr Griffis' testimony would have reinforced the conservative Christian jurors' prejudices and directed them against the accused.

"He testified that the date of the killings, near a pagan holiday, was significant, as well as the fact that there was a full moon."

Here, he attempts to link Paganism with occultic crimes. This is simply a display of religious hatred and misinformation. Many Neo-pagans celebrate a "Sabbat" on May 1 which was 4 days before the murder. But the religious celebration is performed at the beginning of May, not 4 days later. There was a full moon on the
evening of May 5. However, Satanists do not hold rituals at the time of full or new moons. If the murders were intentionally committed on the day of a full moon, a likely explanation would be that the murderer(s) were adopting local superstitions and attempting to divert suspicion to Satanists.

"He stated that young children are often sought for sacrifice because "the younger, the more innocent, the better the life force."

He is referring to ancient Christian propaganda about child sacrifice, dating back to the Witch burning times. Children sometimes die during Christian exorcisms. But these are accidental killings. We have been unable to find evidence that any children have been intentionally ritually murdered in the United States in this century by followers of any religion.

"He testified that there were three victims, and the number three had significance in occultism.

We believe that the number 3 has no particular significance among Satanists. Wiccans sometimes refer to the three aspects of their Goddess, but the number 4 is much more important to them. 3 has much greater significance in Christianity, where it is the number associated with the Trinity. It appears in over 400 locations in the Bible. Again, he is grouping a large number of unrelated activities under the term "occult" and implying that occultists sacrifice children. There were probably three victims because the murderer(s) had access to three boys at the time. If two boys passed by, there probably would have been two victims.

"Also, the victims were all eight years old, and eight is a witches' number."

There is no evidence that the age of the victims was known to the murderer(s). The only groups in North America which regularly calls themselves "Witches" are Wiccans and other Neopagans. Here, he is attempting to reinforce prejudice of the jury against the defendants by consolidating their fears of Witches, gathered from
child nursery rhymes, horror movies, comic books etc and linking them to Satanism and the Occult. There are indeed 8 seasonal days of celebration in the Wiccan yearly calendar. But 8 is in no way a magical number for Wiccans. It could be used to point at a Christian killer; the number 8 appears more than 100 times in the Bible.

"He testified that sacrifices are often done near water for a baptism-type rite or just to wash the blood away."

No occultic activity baptizes people. Baptism is largely a Christian ritual. Here, Dr Griffis is reaching back centuries to an era when Witches and Satan worshipers were believed to have rituals which parodied Christian rites. There is no evidence to support this hoax.

"The fact that the victims were tied ankle to wrist was significant because this was done to display the genitalia, and the removal of Byers's testicles was significant because testicles are removed for the semen.

He seems to believe that a males testicles are filled with semen, and can be "milked" through castration. This is not true. In fact, semen is composed primarily of "the mixed product of various glands (prostate and bulbourethral) plus the spermatozoa." 4 It collects in special sacs near the prostate gland. Also, males do not
produce sperm until puberty, and the victims were years away from that. There was no semen or sperm to collect from the testicles.

"He stated that the absence of blood at the scene could be significant because cult members store blood for future services in which they would drink the blood or bathe in it."

These beliefs are also derived from 16th century superstition. Blood-drinking was commonly attributed to Satan worshipers; it is mentioned even today in Christian anti-Satanic literature. More likely, there was no blood at the murder scene because it was washed away by the creek. If there was blood at the scene, Dr. Griffis would probably have concluded that the presence of blood was significant.

"He testified that the "overkill" or multiple cuts could reflect occult overtones.

If the murderer(s) were really intent on collecting their victim's blood, they would hardly stab them in multiple locations. "Overkill" might well be an indicator of a crazed, psychotic killer or killers.

Dr. Griffis testified that there was significance in injuries to the left side of the victims as distinguished from the right side: People who practice occultism will use the midline theory, drawing straight down through the body. The right side is related to those things synonymous with Christianity while the left side is that of the practitioners of the satanic occult.

Here, he is describing modern day Satanists as performing rituals which are anti-Christian. This is another belief derived from the 16th century, and is without foundation. Satanists do not parody Christianity. They simply ridicule it, along with other religions. He is also presenting the incorrect belief that all occultic practices are alike and that all are criminally involved.

"He testified that the clear place on the bank could be consistent with a ceremony."

If there were evil Satanists who conducted sacrificial rituals, one would more likely expect evidence of ritual tools having been present: an altar, candles, a circle on the ground, candle wax, footprints, etc. None was found.

"In sum, Dr. Griffis testified there was significant evidence of satanic ritual killings.

In fact, every instance of sex murder and mutilation that we are aware of was perpetrated by psychopathic sexual sadists. Many investigators have concluded that the only ritual killings performed in connection with a religious rituals are done inadvertently during Christian exorcisms.

We suspect that the three boys were murdered by one or more profoundly disturbed sexual predators, and not by adult religious Satanists or teen-age dabblers in Satanism. With the help of Dr Griffis' "expert" testimony, the jury probably concluded that Satanists were responsible for the murders.  Since the state said that Echols had a copy of "The Satanic Bible," one would expect the jury to find Echols and Baldwin guilty.


1.An on-line copy of the FBI report on the (non)existence of evil Satanic cults by Ken Lanning, titled "Investigator's Guide to Allegations of 'Ritual' Child Abuse" is at:

2.G.S. Goodman et al "Characteristics & Sources of Allegations of Ritual Child Abuse", Clearing House on Child Abuse & Neglect Information, Suite 350, 3998 Fair Ridge Dr, Fairfax VA, 22033. [Free summary available by calling (703) 385-7565]

3.The text of the decision of the Supreme Court of Arkansas of 1996-DEC-23 can be read at:

4.Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, F.A. Davism, Philadelphia PA, (1977), P. S-30

Go Back to the Law Enforcement Contents Page

Go To the Religious Freedom Homepage

Wicca book of shadowsIMPORTANT - READ BELOW

DISCLAIMER: The Religious Freedom Coalition of the Southeast (RFCSE) is a non-advocacy Religious site paid for with volunteer labor and edited by Rebecca, a non-affiliated U.S. citizen.  The RFCSE site was published beginning on February 1, 1999.   No Permission is required by the RFCSE, for reprinting.  But permission by originating authors may be needed.  The duration of the working links are not under our control.  RFCSE has not reviewed all of the sites linked to our site and is not responsible for the content of any off-site pages or any other sites linked to our site. Your linking to any other off-site pages or other sites from our site is at your own risk.

All articles and descriptions of persons or organizations on this page, are the resposibility of  the submitter.  The Religious Freedom Coalition of the Southeast, the association of Cymry Wicca and all others who provide hosting for this page, bear no legal responsibility for any errors.   But we will immediately investigate all claims of mistakes or errors, and if such a claim is found to be with merit, we will remove an error.  But, if the claim of an error is found meritless, we will bill the the claimant for the cost of researching the claim, and if warranted, seek redress in the court system.  Any attempt to interfere with our first amendemnt right of opinion and free expression will be met with the full force of the U. S. Court system.

Our Original Web Master, an associate died from a threat by a person  who did not appreciate Religious Freedom.  Before she died, she asked us to continue her Religious Freedom Page.  We will.  Even though we have been attacked by Right Wing extremists, pseudo-Christian apologists, and other fringe elements of the Christian Right and Left, we still exist because of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.   We have been threatened by some, that we will be sued for exposing religious bigotry and hate.  Since we have no assets, but a great deal of voluntary legal support, we will welcome each attempt to silence us, as an opportunity to expose, in open court, the characteristics and lies of these so called "religiouis leaders."  We will feel free to request an extensive production of documents.

Ben Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, who were deists (not Christians), helped frame the Constitution of The United States of American and placed language in the First Amendment to guarantee Religious Rights for all Americans.  We will uphold that tradition.

Wicca book of shadows

For information on all individuals and organizations listed in this website, or the name of a contact person in your area that can give you further information on the Religious Freedom Coalition of the Southeast, or the First Amendment Coalition, call us at 000-000-0000 If you access our voice mail, we will call you back collect if long distance.

Or, you can write to Rachel at: RFCSE, P.O. Box 673206, Marietta, GA 30006-0036

Return to the Religious Freedom Homepage

John Ashcroft kokopelli This site was created by the Religious Freedom Coalition of the Southeast and the Georgia First Amendment Coalition
design copyright 1998 an associate

Author:  Rebecca Lawrence
Copyright 1977, 1992, 2001 by Religious Freedom Coalition of the Southeast.   All rights reserved.
Revised: 27 Feb 2011 13:33:50 -0500